A device for copying a two-dimensional figure to a desired scale, consisting of styluses for tracing and copying mounted on four jointed arms in the form of a parallelogram with extended sides. Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519) used one. Pantographs are based on the simple principle of the parallelogram in Euclidean geometry understood 2300 years ago. The artist moves a pointer attached to one part of the pantograph along the outline of the original image, and a pencil attached to another part copies the image at either the same size, larger or smaller. The placement of the pointer and pencil determines the overall scale.The one Thomas Jefferson (American, 1743-1826) devised and used to copy letters as he wrote them can be seen at his Monticello home. Such tools have been made largely obsolete by photographic and other technologies, but are great for studying scale.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Pantograph — (Storchschnabel), ein Instrument, das zu einer gegebenen Figur eine ähnliche oder auch eine kongruente Figur zeichnet, wenn ein Stift desselben auf der gegebenen Figur entlang geführt wird. Der in Fig. 1 schematisch dargestellte Pantograph… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Pantograph — Pan to*graph, n. [Panto + graph: cf. F. pantographe.] An instrument for copying plans, maps, and other drawings, on the same, or on a reduced or an enlarged, scale. [Written also {pantagraph}, and incorrectly {pentagraph}.] [1913 Webster] 2. An… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pantograph — (v. gr.), Instrument, so v.w. Storchschnabel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pantograph — (v. gr.), so v.w. Storchschnabel 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pantograph — (griech.), s. Storchschnabel und Telegraph …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pantograph — Pantogrāph (grch.), Storchschnabel, Instrument zum Übertragen einer Zeichnung oder Karte in einen andern (meist kleinern) Maßstab; von Christoph Scheiner 1603 erfunden und in dessen »Pantographia« (1635) beschrieben. Pantographīe, die Kunst, mit… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pantograph — Pantograph, griech. deutsch, was Storchschnabel …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • pantograph — [pan′tə graf΄] n. [Fr pantographe: see PANTO & GRAPH] 1. a mechanical device for reproducing a map, drawing, etc. on the same or a different scale, consisting of a framework of jointed rods in a roughly parallelogram form 2. any similar framework …   English World dictionary

  • Pantograph — A pantograph (from Greek roots παντ all, every and γραφ to write , from their original use for copying writing) is a mechanical linkage connected in a special manner based on parallelograms so that the movement of one specified point is an… …   Wikipedia

  • Pantograph — Sorensons Gravurpantograf um 1867 Mechanischer Pantograf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pantograph — Bügel (umgangssprachlich); Pantograf (fachsprachlich); Stromabnehmer; Allesschreiber; Storchschnabel; Pantograf * * * Pan|to|graph 〈m. 16〉 = Pantograf * * * Pantogr …   Universal-Lexikon

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